Common infections in childhood at a glance

In addition to the classic childhood diseases such as measles, mumps and Co, there are many other diseases that affect children from infants to adolescents. Sometimes bed rest, loving care and grandma’s home remedy are enough to get through the disease. In some cases, however, an immediate visit to the doctor is required to prevent long-term damage.

bronchitis

Irritant cough, accompanied by tough expectoration after a few days, and sometimes fever, indicates bronchitis. A doctor’s visit is recommended to avoid pneumonia. Cough and expectorant drugs and measures, a lot of fluid and rest are the appropriate therapies that bring the bronchitis to subsidence after about 2 weeks.

bowel obstruction

Violent abdominal pain, vomiting, and bloody mucus may indicate an intestinal obstruction, usually caused by intestinal invagination. This disease often affects babies in the second half of life and must be treated promptly in the hospital. With timely diagnosis often helps an enema. If the lock can not be released, an operation is required.

Infant colic

Crying attacks, a swollen belly and cramped legs are signs of the three-month colic. Most children are affected from 2 weeks to 3 months, the causes are largely unknown. If organic reasons are excluded, it is only a matter of waiting and an experimental procedure, because every child and sometimes every cry attack can be calmed differently or often not at all.

Febrile seizures

Seizures with fever well over 38 degrees, muscle twitching, eye wrenching and sometimes unconsciousness, which usually occur in children between half and five years. In itself harmless, febrile convulsions can be very scary. The spasm usually lasts only a few minutes. To clarify the causes and exclude epilepsy, the pediatrician should be consulted.

tonsillitis

Sore throat, difficulty swallowing, reddened tonsils, lymphadenopathy and fever indicate tonsillitis. It is usually caused by streptococci and is treated with painkillers and antipyretic drugs. Furthermore Gurgellösungen help to relieve the symptoms. As a rule, the doctor prescribes penicillin. In case of frequent tonsillitis or chronic form removal of the tonsils may be considered.

Otitis

Severe earache, hearing impairment and fever indicate middle ear inflammation. This acute infection of the ear often occurs as a secondary infection to other diseases. Heat and analgesic drugs are used for initial treatment. For healing, antibiotics are given. Left untreated, middle ear infection can cause deafness or even deafness.

Muscular torticollis

A head deformity that occurs in newborns and infants and manifests itself by tilting the head to the affected side. If left untreated, this misalignment will result in postural damage and malformations that can not be completely resolved later. Physiotherapy, appropriate lying and stretching exercises are used for treatment.

nasal polyps

Benign growths in the nose, which limit the nasal breathing above a certain size and should then be removed. Cause are often chronic inflammations of sinuses and mucous membranes. Smaller polyps can also be treated with cortisone preparations; if this is not enough, the growths are surgically removed.

croup

Strong cough, hoarseness and shortness of breath, as well as whistling noises during breathing indicate pseudo-squat. The cause is a laryngitis that narrows the upper airways. For symptom relief often fresh air, fever reduction and soothing words. In more severe cases, the symptoms can be treated with medication.

Rotavirus infection

Viral intestinal infections in children are very often triggered by rotavirus. Diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain indicate. The rotaviruses can be detected in the stool. To reduce the risk of infection, attention must be paid to strict hygiene. Treated here is purely symptomatic with plenty of fluid. Especially for infants, the disease is dangerous because diarrhea and vomiting quickly lead to dehydration.

Windeldermitis

Inflammation in the diaper area with redness and swelling, pustules, blisters and pimples that bleed in extreme cases. The cause is the warm and humid climate in the diaper, which provides an excellent habitat for bacteria and fungi. A lot of fresh air in the diaper area, frequent diaper changes and protective creams and anti-inflammatory ointments help in the healing and prevent further rashes.

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